3-D Computed Tomography Using Diffraction Enhanced Imaging Modality

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dc.contributor.advisor Sarah A. Rajala, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dale E. Sayers, Committee Co-Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Kuruvilla Verghese, Committee Co-Chair en_US
dc.contributor.author Horiba, Hironobu en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-02T18:00:08Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-02T18:00:08Z
dc.date.issued 2003-04-17 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-03282003-175407 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/1026
dc.description.abstract Atomic and nuclear radiation has been used to develop a large variety of medical imaging modalities for the benefit of humankind over the past fifty years. Diffraction Enhanced Imaging (DEI) is a new x-ray radiographic imaging modality using monochromatic x-rays to produce very clear digital radiographs of objects by virtually eliminating the detection of scattered photons and exploiting the refraction properties of the object. Being free of scatter DEI images have shown dramatically improved contrast over standard radiographs of the same object. The main objective of this work was to apply DEI to computed tomography (CT) and obtain three-dimensional tomographic images. Two sets of experiments on Lucite phantoms were performed at the X15A beamline of National Synchrotron Light Source. The first experiment was performed to evaluate previous work related to this work. The second experiment was performed to obtain threedimensional CT data. Three-dimensional images were successfully obtained and the apparent absorption and refraction images obtained from DEI showed information unavailable in conventional radiograph in computed tomography. There are two interesting findings in this research. One is that subtraction method for calculating refraction images which we suggested is found to be relatively free from contamination from the absorption component. The other is that the procedural orders of manipulation of taking logarithm and subtraction/addition seriously affect the quality of image. If one mixes this order, the result shows a hump-like artifact in both the absorption and refraction images. For further improvements, an experimental method for preventing drifting of the rocking curve during the data acquisition and for fully separating the absorption and refraction components of the DEI data need further study. Also, it is recommended that an algorithm for automatically correcting for the off-axis rotation should be developed. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject Diffraction Enhanced Imaging en_US
dc.subject phase contrast en_US
dc.subject CT en_US
dc.subject DEI en_US
dc.subject Computed Tomography en_US
dc.subject Three Dimensional en_US
dc.title 3-D Computed Tomography Using Diffraction Enhanced Imaging Modality en_US
dc.degree.name MS en_US
dc.degree.level thesis en_US
dc.degree.discipline Nuclear Engineering en_US

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