Alert Today, Alive Tomorrow: The North Carolina Civil Defense Agency and Fallout Shelters, 1961-1963

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dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Nancy Mitchell, Committee Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dr. James Crisp, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Joseph Caddell, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.author Blazich, Frank Arthur Jr. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-02T18:02:41Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-02T18:02:41Z
dc.date.issued 2008-11-17 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-10282008-171921 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/1260
dc.description.abstract From 1961 to 1963, the administration of President John F. Kennedy attempted to create a vast network of public and private fallout shelters across the United States. The North Carolina Civil Defense Agency (NCCD) during this period focused instead on emergency preparedness. Fallout shelters were a façade, providing funding that allowed the NCCD to quietly focus its efforts on emergency preparedness. While the state managed to provide fallout shelters for only eight percent of the population, this failure was not as damning as most scholars have assumed. In fact, the state agency used available federal funding to prepare the state for natural disasters and isolated, minor emergencies. State civil defense officials implemented improvements in communication networks, emergency rescue squads, and the professionalizing of fire and police departments state-wide. Citizens did not criticize the civil defense agency in North Carolina; following the Cuban Missile Crisis, there was no public backlash against the state agency. The crisis, on the contrary, validated the state’s approach to civil defense. By focusing on emergency preparedness instead of investing in fallout shelters, local civil defense agencies were able to operate in accordance with the specific demographic, geographic, and financial needs of the county residents. Most people assume that the fading yellow and black “Fallout Shelter†signs are the only residue of the civil defense program in North Carolina. In fact, the professional development of the state’s rescue squads, police and fire departments harkens back to the efforts of civil defense offices in the early 1960s. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dis sertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject Emergency Communications en_US
dc.subject National Fallout Shelter Survey en_US
dc.subject Accelerated Action Program en_US
dc.subject Fallout Shelters en_US
dc.subject Fallout en_US
dc.subject NCCD en_US
dc.subject North Carolina en_US
dc.subject Civil Defense en_US
dc.subject Edward F. Griffin en_US
dc.subject Shelter Incentive Program en_US
dc.subject Rescue Squads en_US
dc.subject Ash Wednesday Storm en_US
dc.subject Cuban Missile Crisis en_US
dc.subject North Carolina Civil Defense Agency en_US
dc.title Alert Today, Alive Tomorrow: The North Carolina Civil Defense Agency and Fallout Shelters, 1961-1963 en_US
dc.degree.name MA en_US
dc.degree.level thesis en_US
dc.degree.discipline History en_US


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