A Scalable Architecture for SIP using Content Addressable Networks

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Title: A Scalable Architecture for SIP using Content Addressable Networks
Author: Balasubramanian, Ramrajprabu
Advisors: Jaewoo Kang, Committee Member
Khaled Harfoush, Committee Member
Injong Rhee, Committee Chair
Abstract: Session initiation protocol (SIP) provides call establishment functions for VoIP including location resolution, authentication, signaling compression, and billing. These functions, when combined with the text-based nature of the protocol, are highly CPU-intensive under a peak load. Practical limitation on the available CPU power of a single SIP server mandates that the SIP infrastructure supporting these functions be distributed over multiple servers. Existing approaches to this problem using multiple nodes for SIP processing with a shared location database or a replicated location database to distribute the load are unfortunately not scalable or fault-tolerant, incurring high maintenance and update overheads or introducing a single point of failure. This thesis presents a proof-of-concept design and analysis of a scalable, robust architecture for SIP infrastructures using a content addressable network (CAN) model, called CASIP (CAN-based SIP). The combination of CAN and SIP is highly complementary. The performance study of CASIP using an implementation using a real SIP stack and NS-2 simulations shows that the proposed system distributes the SIP processing (both location update and lookup) load of the network over multiple nodes very effectively without incurring much routing and maintenance overhead; with use of simple cache schemes, CASIP can linearly add the number of servers in proportion to the increase in the subscriber base. The study also indicates that CASIP keeps the reconfiguration overhead minimal. Furthermore, the CASIP architecture exhibits high availability: a CASIP network of 50 nodes recovers from a server crash within 5 minutes, during which only 2% of call setup requests are dropped. These features enable cost-effective, incremental deployment of SIP servers in response to the user population growth
Date: 2005-06-07
Degree: MS
Discipline: Computer Science
URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/129

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