Abrasion Characteristics of Ring-Spun and Open-End Yarns

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dc.contributor.advisor Pam Banks-Lee, Co-Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor William Oxenham, Co-Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Jon P. Rust, Minor Representative, Member en_US
dc.contributor.author Jones, Jeremy en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-02T18:03:05Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-02T18:03:05Z
dc.date.issued 2001-11-20 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-20011115-182006 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/1306
dc.description.abstract In the early 1980s, widespread claims in the knitting industry suggesting that the use of open-end yarns significantly increased the wear of mechanical components, especially knitting needles. Since then, many studies have attempted to explain this phenomenon and have yielded widely varying results. A study was conducted to compare the yarn properties of open-end yarn to ring-spun yarn. Identical yarns of varying parameters including yarn type, yarn count, and twist multiple were produced from the same raw cotton stock to eliminate variability in raw material. These yarns were tested for abrasiveness on a Lawson-Hemphill CTT (Continuous Tension Transport) tester. The device passes the yarn over a wire and records the length of yarn required to sever the wire. For this study the CTT was encoded to abrade a fixed length of yarn over the wire. The wire was then observed with both a Hitcahi ESEM (Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope) and a digital imaging microscope. The resultant images were examined for attrition and the abrasion values were evaluated using statistical analysis. It was confirmed that an increase in yarn count corresponded to a decrease in abrasion. Twist multiple had a noticeable effect on abrasion although the trends between yarn types, and yarn counts were inconsistent. Open-end yarn abrasion values were only slightly greater than their ring-spun counterparts, contradicting the claims of the knitting industry. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.title Abrasion Characteristics of Ring-Spun and Open-End Yarns en_US
dc.degree.name MS en_US
dc.degree.level Master's Thesis en_US
dc.degree.discipline Textile Management and Technology en_US


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