Analysis of Adhesive Bonded Fiber-Reinforced Composite Joints

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dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Eric Klang, Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dr. J. Eischen, Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dr. L. Silverberg, Member en_US Ficarra, Christina Helene en_US 2010-04-02T18:03:49Z 2010-04-02T18:03:49Z 2001-07-23 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-20010626-155040 en_US
dc.description.abstract The work presented in this thesis involved the analysis of adhesive bonded joints for composite bridge decks and was divided into three phases. The first phase involved a parametric study on a single lap joint using ANSYS finite element analysis software. The purpose of the parametric study was to alter the geometry and material properties of the joint and study their effects on the stress distribution in both the adherends and adhesive. The four different cases studied included adding a taper to the adherends, different edge shapes on the adhesive layer, a material stiffness imbalance and a geometric stiffness imbalance. It was found that for the taper case and the edge shape case, the stress field in the joint was affected slightly. The material and geometric stiffness imbalance cases had the most drastic affect on the stress field of both the adhesive and adherend. Phase two of this study involved physical tests on single lap joints pulled in uniaxial tension. Tests were performed on three different types of laminates in order to study the interfacial effects these laminates had on the adhesive bond. It was found that by changing the surface of the composite, the mode of failure changed significantly.Phase three of this research involved a study on surface preparation. Three different surface preparations were conducted on the adherends of a butt-strap joint. The first included an acetone wipe. The second involved sanding the adherends. The third surface preparation involved adding APRIME-2, a secondary bonding agent, to the adherends before adding the strap. By simply sanding the adherends, the load to failure was increased by 350% compared to an acetone wipe. The ATPRIME-2 improved the load to failure by an additional 60% as well as improved the failure mode to a fiber tear. It was concluded that surface preparation has a major impact on the behavior of adhesively bonded joints. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.title Analysis of Adhesive Bonded Fiber-Reinforced Composite Joints en_US MS en_US Master's Thesis en_US Aerospace Engineering en_US

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