The Transylvanian School: Enlightened Instrument of Romanian Nationalism.

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Title: The Transylvanian School: Enlightened Instrument of Romanian Nationalism.
Author: Sfirlea, Titus Gabriel
Advisors: Dr. Steven Vincent, Committee Chair
Dr. Anthony La Vopa, Committee Member
Dr. Ronald Sack, Committee Member
Abstract: The end of the eighteen and the beginning of the nineteen centuries represented a period of national renaissance for the Romanian population within the Great Principality of Transylvania. The nation, within a span of under fifty years, documented its Latin origins, rewrote its history, language, and grammar, and attempted to educate and gain political rights for its members within the Habsburg Empire's family of nations. Four Romanian intellectuals led this enormous endeavor and left their philosophical imprint on the politics and social structure of the newly forged nation: Samuil Micu, Gheorghe Sincai, Petru Maior, and Ion-Budai Deleanu. Together they formed a school of thought called the Transylvanian School. Micu, Maior, and Sincai (at least early in his career), under the inspiration of the ideas of enlightened absolutism reflected in the reign of Joseph II, advocated and worked tirelessly to introduce reforms from above as a means for national education and emancipation. Deleanu, fully influenced by a combination of ideas emanating from French Enlightenment and French revolutionary sources, argued that the Romanian population of Transylvania could achieve social and political rights only if they were willing to fight for them.
Date: 2005-07-19
Degree: MA
Discipline: History

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