Colloidal Behavior of Polyampholytes

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Title: Colloidal Behavior of Polyampholytes
Author: Wang, Yun
Advisors: Martin Hubbe, Committee Chair
Orlando Rojas, Committee Member
Dimitris Argyropoulos, Committee Member
Abstract: Polyampholytes are polymers that have both positively and negatively charged groups in the same chain. In recent years polyampholytes have started to be used in papermaking applications, as well as in sludge treatment processes. Benefits, in the case of papermaking, have included increased dry-strength and faster removal of water. But the molecular mechanisms by which such benefits are achieved have not been fully understood. This thesis project focused on effects related to polyampholyte charge density. A series of polyampholytes with a fixed charge ratio but different charge density was used for the experiments. Analysis methods included pH titrations, streaming current titrations, and adsorption isotherms. From pH titrations the charge density of cationic and anionic groups under different pH were calculated. From streaming current tests the net apparent charge density under different pH was calculated. And from adsorption tests it was found that the highest adsorbed amounts were achieved in certain cases corresponding to the highest content of ionic groups on the polyampholytes. Adsorption depended strongly on pH. Substantial differences were observed when comparing results obtained with polyampholyte samples versus ordinary polyelectrolyte samples with same charge density of cationic or anionic groups.
Date: 2007-06-28
Degree: MS
Discipline: Wood and Paper Science

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