Mechanical and physical properties of electrospun nanofibers

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Title: Mechanical and physical properties of electrospun nanofibers
Author: Zhang, Shu
Advisors: Xiangwu Zhang, Committee Member
Russell Gorga, Committee Member
Alan Tonelli, Committee Member
Wendy Krause, Committee Chair
Abstract: The process of electrospinning was utilized to fabricate randomly aigned nylon6 nanofibers and aligned nylon6 nanofibers. Polymer concentration affecting electrospinning was investigated. This parameter was evaluated using degree of crystallinity by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) as well as visual images produced by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). DSC data demonstrated that more crystals were formed with lower polymer concentrations; SEM images revealed that slimmer fibers were produced by lower concentrations. The mechanical properties of unoriented fibers and aligned fibers were tested on Instron 5544. The result of tensile tests indicated higher Young’s modulus and tensile strength of aligned nanofibers than that of unaligned fibers. The SEM images at broken edges of fibers illustrated different broken mechanisms of these two forms of nanofibers. The broken mechanism of aligned nanofibers was further confirmed by crystallinity parameters obtained from DSC and fiber diameter shown from SEM images.
Date: 2009-08-13
Degree: MS
Discipline: Textile Chemistry

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