The Policing of Gender in Middle School

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dc.contributor.advisor Maxine Thompson, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Barbara Risman, Committee Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Richard L. Della Fave, Committee Member en_US Seale, Elizabeth Kelley en_US 2010-04-02T18:07:41Z 2010-04-02T18:07:41Z 2005-12-19 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-12132005-122850 en_US
dc.description.abstract Based on 43 semi-structured interviews with children in grades 6th through 8th, this study examines how heteronormativity, or normative heterosexuality, shapes and reinforces gender stratification among preadolescents. The sample consists of 29 white and 17 non-white children. The author draws from self-evaluation theory, closure theory, and theory on heteronormativity in demonstrating that heteronorms and the use of the gay stigma operate to regulate gender performances and identities. Findings suggest specifically that a) while norms of femininity have altered in response to the feminist movement, norms of masculinity have not; b) male gender nonconformists are harassed through the use of the gay stigma, putting significant pressure on boys to maintain a hegemonic masculine/heterosexual identity; c) openly gay students are not always harassed to the extent suggested by the level of homophobia revealed in interviews with middle school students; d) boys use the gay stigma against other boys in their struggle for dominance over others; and e) white girls are less homophobic than other groups. The strict regulation of self and others reproduces heterosexism and patriarchy in ways profoundly important for understanding the persistence of inequality. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject masculinity en_US
dc.subject femininity en_US
dc.subject heteronormativity en_US
dc.subject peer culture en_US
dc.subject preadolescents en_US
dc.subject inequality en_US
dc.subject gender en_US
dc.subject heterosexuality en_US
dc.title The Policing of Gender in Middle School en_US MS en_US thesis en_US Sociology en_US

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