Fundamental Behavior of Steel-Concrete Composite Beams Strengthened with High Modulus Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) Materials

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Title: Fundamental Behavior of Steel-Concrete Composite Beams Strengthened with High Modulus Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) Materials
Author: Dawood, Mina Magdy Riad
Advisors: Dr. Emmett Sumner, Committee Member
Dr. Vernon Matzen, Committee Member
Dr. Sami Rizkalla, Committee Chair
Abstract: There is a growing need for a cost-effective, durable repair system that can be used for the repair and strengthening of steel bridges. Recently, high modulus carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP) have been developed with a modulus of elasticity approximately two times greater than that of steel. Externally bonded high modulus CFRP materials have successfully been used to increase the elastic stiffness and ultimate capacity of steel-concrete composite beams However, since the technology is relatively new, the detailed behavior of steel bridge members strengthened with high modulus CFRP is not yet well understood. The current research investigates three aspects of the behavior of steel-concrete composite beams in detail. An experimental program was conducted to investigate the behavior of steel-concrete composite beams strengthened with high modulus CFRP materials. In the first phase of the study the behavior under overloading conditions was investigated. In the second phase of the research, the fatigue durability of the system was examined. In the third phase, the possible presence of shear-lag between the steel beam and the CFRP materials was investigated in detail. An analytical model was developed which can be used to determine the ultimate capacity and elastic stiffness increase for steel beams strengthened with high modulus CFRP materials. Additionally, a set of criteria are proposed which can be used to determine the allowable increase in the live load level for steel beams strengthened with high modulus CFRP materials.
Date: 2005-06-30
Degree: MS
Discipline: Civil Engineering
URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/1959


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