Residence Time Distribution of Multiple Particles in Four Configurations of Holding Tubes

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Title: Residence Time Distribution of Multiple Particles in Four Configurations of Holding Tubes
Author: Tanyel, Zeynep
Advisors: Andrey Kuznetsov, Committee Member
Saad Khan, Committee Member
K.P. Sandeep, Committee Chair
Josip Simunovic, Committee Member
Abstract: Residence time distributions of multiple particles (as affected by process and system parameters) were investigated during non-Newtonian tube flow. Process parameters included flow rate, particle type, carrier fluid viscosity, and particle concentration. The system parameter of interest was the holding tube configuration. Polystyrene and acrylic particles were used as model food particles. Digital imaging analysis was used to obtain residence time data of particles. A novel type of holding tube (chaotic holding tube) was constructed. Comparisons among the straight, single helical, double helical, and chaotic holding tube were performed in terms residence time distribution (RTD) of particles. In addition, the effect of inclination angle (0 ° and 45 °) of the chaotic holding tube was investigated. It was found that the narrowest RTD of particles was obtained in the single helical holding tube. RTstd in the chaotic holding tube was greater than that in the single helical holding tube, but lower than those in the straight and double helical holding tubes. The most significant process parameter affecting RTD was flow rate. The effect of flow rate was more pronounced for high density (acrylic) particles. Carrier fluid viscosity, particle type, and particle concentration did not have significant effects on the overall RTstd. Trends observed in the chaotic holding tube were similar to those observed in the single helical holding tube. However, there were some cases where use of chaotic holding tube resulted in narrower RTD of particles. Changing the inclination angle from 0 ° to 45 ° in the chaotic holding tube resulted in wider RTD of both types of particles.
Date: 2004-11-15
Degree: MS
Discipline: Food Science
URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/2038


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