Reforestation planning in the West Usambara Mountains of Tanzania

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dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Theodore Shear, Committee Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Heather Cheshire, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Thomas Wentworth, Committee Member en_US Halperin, James J. en_US 2010-04-02T18:11:23Z 2010-04-02T18:11:23Z 2002-12-19 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-12182002-111412 en_US
dc.description.abstract Rural reforestation planning is critical to the success of many conservation initiatives in the humid tropics. Although often neglected, careful planning can have a profound impact on the success or failure of such initiatives. The first step in developing a conservation intiative is to accurately quantify existing forest resources for prioritization of areas for intervention efforts. Next, planners must consider the interaction of people and environment to develop site-specific plans which maximize potential sustainability. This thesis develops a reforestation planning methodology for communities adjacent to mountain rainforests in Tanzania. The forests within this 2,200 km2 mountain range harbor many endemic species and provide critical water catchment protection. The study first quantifies forest distribution using LandSat 7 ETM satellite image data for one of the more signifcant ranges in the Eastern Arc Mountains, the West Usambaras. The study then describes forest fragmentation using a variety of landscape metrics. The planning process then focuses on one watershed, the Mkolo River drainage in the southeastern West Usambaras. Using GIS and remote sensing techniques, this study incorporates environmental needs assessments, forest regeneration potential, and socioeconomic requirements of local communities to account for the varying services that tree planting provides. This study accounts for these services accounted in a spatially explicit forestry intervention need index (FINI). This multi-stage assessment of natural resource distribution and use develops a procedural methodology that is critical in planning and implementing reforestation projects in species-rich tropical regions. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject Afromontane rainforest en_US
dc.subject Shambaa en_US
dc.subject tropical forest conservation en_US
dc.subject tropical forest mapping en_US
dc.subject participatory mapping en_US
dc.subject participatory rural appraisal en_US
dc.subject West Usambara Mountains en_US
dc.subject Eastern Arc Mountains en_US
dc.subject Africa en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.subject landuse planning en_US
dc.subject remote sensing en_US
dc.subject GIS en_US
dc.subject tropical deforestation en_US
dc.subject reforestation en_US
dc.title Reforestation planning in the West Usambara Mountains of Tanzania en_US MS en_US thesis en_US Forestry en_US

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