Referent Indicators in Tests of Metric Invariance

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dc.contributor.advisor Adam Meade, Committee Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Mark Wilson, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor S. Bart Craig, Committee Member en_US Johnson, Emily C en_US 2010-04-02T18:11:41Z 2010-04-02T18:11:41Z 2008-03-19 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-02282007-135821 en_US
dc.description.abstract Organizations frequently administer surveys and psychological measures to multiple groups (e.g., cultural and demographic groups). However, before making direct cross-group comparisons, researchers need to ensure that the psychometric properties of these measures do not differ by groups. In order to test this hypothesis of measurement invariance, many researchers employ confirmatory factor analytic tests of measurement invariance. These tests require a referent indicator (RI) for model identification. This RI is assumed to be perfectly invariant across groups. Using simulated data, results indicate that inappropriate RI selection may be mildly problematic for scale-level invariance tests and highly problematic for item-level tests. These findings underscore the importance of careful RI selection. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dis sertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject psychometrics en_US
dc.subject measurement invariance en_US
dc.subject referent indicator en_US
dc.subject confirmatory factor analysis en_US
dc.title Referent Indicators in Tests of Metric Invariance en_US MS en_US thesis en_US Psychology en_US

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