Control of Diffusing Duct Flow Using Active Vortex Generators with Hot-Film Sensor Measurements

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Title: Control of Diffusing Duct Flow Using Active Vortex Generators with Hot-Film Sensor Measurements
Author: Jones, Warren Anthony
Advisors: Dr. Ndaona Chokani, Chair
Dr. Ashok Gopalarathnam, Committee Member, Member
Dr. James Selgrade, Minor Representative, Member
Abstract: Experiments have been conducted using vane-type vortex generators to control flow separation and exit flow distortion in a diffusing duct. The primary purpose is to examine the feasibility of using surface-mounted hot-film sensors to determine the extent of exit flow distortion. The experimental set-up consists of a two-dimensional blow down type wind tunnel with a variable diffuser exit. One diffuser wall is curved to produce a Stratford-like pressure gradient. The wall's placement is adjustable such that the adverse pressure gradient can be adjusted to promote separation. An active vortex generator array that can be placed at three streamwise locations is used to reduce the extent of flow separation and exit distortion.Diffuser surface pressure and exit total pressure measurements are obtained and compared to the hot-film data. The time-averaged mean and rms voltages from the hot-film data are used as indicators of flow separation and exit flow distortion.Results show that, with the use of the vortex generators, high mean voltages and low levels of rms voltage correlate well with improved pressure recovery. Conversely, poorer pressure recovery is associated with lower mean voltages and higher rms values compared to the baseline cases. Increased total pressures at the diffuser exit are accompanied by increases in hot-film mean voltages. These indicate higher shear stresses, which also correspond to increased flow uniformity. Lower variations in the rms voltages compared to the baseline cases also correlated well with improved total pressures at the diffuser exit.
Date: 2001-05-29
Degree: MS
Discipline: Aerospace Engineering
URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/2531


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