Boron Deficiency and Chilling Injury Interactions in Tobacco Transplants Grown in the Float System

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dc.contributor.advisor James W. Rideout, Committee Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor C. David Raper, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Judith F. Thomas, Committee Member en_US Overstreet, Laura Flint en_US 2010-04-02T18:15:03Z 2010-04-02T18:15:03Z 2002-05-23 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-05222002-141629 en_US
dc.description.abstract Decades of agricultural research have failed to determine the precise mechanisms of infliction caused by the conditions of boron deficiency and chilling injury. Both conditions affect the quality and marketability of tobacco transplants grown in the float system. Interestingly, boron deficiency and chilling injury produce strikingly similar symptoms in young tobacco transplants; so similar, in fact, that they are often confused for one another. This has lead to severe boron toxicity when growers treated chilling injury as boron deficiency by applying boron to non-deficient float beds. The observation of nearly identical symptoms suggests that boron deficiency and chilling injury have interdependent effects on cell physiology and/or metabolism. Because little research has been conducted on tobacco transplants in the float system, two studies were conducted to determine general parameters for the boron deficiency threshold and effect of non-optimal temperatures and large day/night temperature differentials in this system. The boron deficiency study established that the deficiency threshold for transplants growing at 26/22°C is 10-20 μg B g-1 dry matter. These tissue levels occurred with solution concentrations of 0.19-1.9 μM B. The chilling injury study determined that root and shoot growth of flue-cured cultivars is near maximum at a constant 26/26° C temperature regime. Burley cultivars display a wider range of temperature tolerance, but in general constant day/night temperatures seem to provide the greatest shoot tissue accumulation. A reduction in night temperature resulted in decreased shoot growth in all cultivars. The chilling injury study also examined the effect of boron deficient conditions at each temperature treatment. In general, boron uptake declined at sub-optimal temperature regimes when supplied at concentrations sufficient for near-optimal temperatures. Shoot growth of flue-cured varieties at transplant stage was near maximal at a constant optimal day/night temperature regime (26/26° C) and adequate B concentrations. Sub-optimal temperatures may alter the boron deficiency threshold such that it decreases with decreasing temperatures or with stressful temperature differentials. This may be summarized in the following way: Temperature is the immediate limiting factor in tobacco transplant growth in the float system under conditions of sub-optimal temperatures and low B concentration, and B deficiency is an additional potential limiting factor. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject chilling injury en_US
dc.subject cold injury en_US
dc.subject tobacco en_US
dc.subject transplants en_US
dc.subject float system en_US
dc.subject boron deficiency en_US
dc.subject boron en_US
dc.title Boron Deficiency and Chilling Injury Interactions in Tobacco Transplants Grown in the Float System en_US MS en_US thesis en_US Soil Science en_US

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