Behavior of High Performance Steel as Shear Reinforcement for Concrete Beams

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Title: Behavior of High Performance Steel as Shear Reinforcement for Concrete Beams
Author: Sumpter, Matthew Scott
Advisors: Paul Zia, Committee Member
Abhinav Gupta, Committee Member
Emmett Sumner, Committee Member
Sami Rizkalla, Committee Chair
Abstract: The objective of this research is to study the feasibility of using high performance steel as shear reinforcement for concrete beams. High performance steel is characterized by enhanced corrosion resistance and higher strength in comparison to conventional Grade 60 steel reinforcement. Advantages of using higher strength steel include the ability to design for longer span lengths and/or reducing the amount of material needed for design. This could greatly reduce the overall costs of construction for future structures. Nine reinforced concrete beams were constructed using No. 9 longitudinal bars and No. 3 bars for the stirrups. The main variables considered in the study are the stirrup spacing and the type of reinforcing steel material. Testing was performed using a single concentrated load positioned closer to one end of the beam, which allowed for two tests per beam. Research findings indicate that using MMFX stirrups increases the overall shear strength and enhances serviceability by distributing cracks and reducing crack width. Pairing high performance longitudinal and transverse reinforcement shows an optimum design in terms of strength gain and reduction in crack width. Enhanced serviceability behavior can be attributed to the better bond characteristics of MMFX steel in comparison to conventional Grade 60 steel. Test results suggest that combining high performance steel with high strength concrete could lead to a better utilization of the materials. Analysis shows that the ACI 318-05, CSA, and AASHTO LRFD design codes can conservatively be used for the design of high performance steel up to a yield strength of 80 ksi. Detailed analysis using the Modified Compression Field Theory can be used to accurately predict the behavior of the beams.
Date: 2007-07-05
Degree: MS
Discipline: Civil Engineering

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