Morphological and Mechanical Properties of Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Composites via Melt Compounding

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dc.contributor.advisor Russell E. Gorga, Committee Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Richard J. Spontak, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Wendy E. Krause, Committee Member en_US Dondero, William Edward en_US 2010-04-02T18:17:08Z 2010-04-02T18:17:08Z 2005-07-12 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-05092005-110617 en_US
dc.description.abstract The mechanical properties and morphology of multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWNT)/polypropylene (PP) nanocomposites were studied as a function of nanotube orientation and concentration. Through melt mixing followed by melt drawing, using a twin screw mini-extruder with a specially designed winding apparatus, the dispersion and orientation of multi-wall carbon nanotubes was optimized in polypropylene. Tensile tests showed a 32% increase in toughness for a 0.25 wt % MWNT in PP (over pure PP). Moreover, modulus increased by 138% with 0.25 wt % MWNTs. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) all demonstrated qualitative nanotube orientation. Wide angle X-ray diffraction was used to calculate the Herman's Orientation Factor for the composites as function of nanotube loading and orientation. No significant changes in PP crystal orientation were found indicating that the alignment of the nanotubes did not significantly affect the orientation of the PP crystals. In addition, differential scanning caloriometry (DSC) qualitatively revealed little change in overall crystallinity. In conclusion this work has shown that melt mixing coupled with melt drawing has yielded MWNT/PP composites with a unique combination of strength and toughness suitable for advanced fiber applications, such as smart fibers and high performance fabrics. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject multi-wall carbon nanotube en_US
dc.subject polypropylene en_US
dc.subject nanocomposite en_US
dc.subject mechanical properties en_US
dc.subject morphology en_US
dc.title Morphological and Mechanical Properties of Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Composites via Melt Compounding en_US MS en_US thesis en_US Textile Engineering en_US

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