The Dance Flies (Diptera: Empidoidea) of Madagascar

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dc.contributor.advisor Brian Wiegmann, Committee Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Andrew Deans, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Clyde Sorenson, Committee Member en_US Swink, Whitney Garland en_US 2010-04-02T18:17:30Z 2010-04-02T18:17:30Z 2009-12-02 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-10302009-191803 en_US
dc.description.abstract The Empidoidea are a monophyletic superfamily of flies that includes dance flies (Empididae), long-legged flies (Dolichopodidae), and several small families (Atelestidae, Hybotidae, and Brachystomatidae). Empidoids are found worldwide and contain many thousands of species, but none have ever been described from Madagascar. An ongoing biodiversity survey by the California Academy of Sciences has brought to light many hundreds of undescribed empidoids from the island. This research project involves description, databasing, and DNA barcoding to establish the first estimates of empidoid species diversity in Madagascar. This study will contribute to critical surveys of species richness for rapidly degrading habitats in this important biodiversity hotspot. Representatives from two empidoid families, Empididae and Hybotidae were collected from Madagascar. There are eight new species of Hybos (Hybotidae: Hybotinae) from Madagascar: H. gardneri sp. nov., H. flaviarticulus sp. nov., H. verykoukis sp. nov., H. fianarantsoensis sp. nov., H. exastis sp. nov., H. triangulus sp. nov., H. angustifacies sp. nov., and H. ignotopalpus sp. nov. All species are described and male genitalia are illustrated. DNA barcoding was performed on the flies from the subfamily Hybotinae in order to infer species limits, but due to poorly preserved or degraded DNA, no definitive conclusions could be drawn. To aid identification, eight new barcodes were obtained that will be submitted to the barcode library upon publication of the new species. All data collected for the Madagascar empidoids have been recorded in a Mandala database and all images have been uploaded into Morphbank. Additionally, a LucID key is available on the Internet for species identification. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dis sertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject Empidoidea en_US
dc.subject Empididae en_US
dc.subject Hybotidae en_US
dc.subject Madagascar en_US
dc.title The Dance Flies (Diptera: Empidoidea) of Madagascar en_US MS en_US thesis en_US Entomology en_US

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