The Biochemical Characterization of Protein DE and Its Interaction with Rat Epididymal Sperm.

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dc.contributor.advisor Paul L. Wollenzien, Ph.D, Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Joseph Hall, Ph.D, Co-Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Cynthia Hemenway, Ph.D, Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Thoyd Melton, Ph.D., Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor William Miller, Ph.D., Member en_US Tubbs, Christopher Elliot en_US 2010-04-02T18:26:11Z 2010-04-02T18:26:11Z 2001-03-26 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-20010323-150023 en_US
dc.description.abstract Using traditional column chromatography, Protein DE has been purified from rat epididymides. Affinity, size exclusion, and ion-exchange chromatography were utilized to purify the protein to homogeneity. Protein DE purity was demonstrated using one and two-dimensional electrophoresis. Using the purified sample, an accurate molecular mass of 27,534 Daltons was determined using electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry. After four chromatographic steps, Protein DE was efficiently separated from all detectable epididymal proteins. This report provides the first rapid and reproducible method for purifying protein DE to homogeneity.Using western blot analysis and immunofluorescence, protein D is initially detected in rat epididymal tissue and associated with sperm from the distal caput region. In contrast, when sperm were recovered from the female reproductive tract seven hours after mating, protein D was not detected by western blot, but did display faint immunofluorescence. Additionally, using photoactivatible cross-linking, a 120 KD sperm membrane protein that specifically interacts with protein D was identified. A population of membrane bound protein D was released from NaCl washed epididymal sperm when incubated in the presence of phosphatidyl-inositol specific phospholipase C. This report is the first demonstrating that both the secretion and sperm-association of protein D occur in the distal caput region of the rat epididymis. It is the only report showing western blot analysis and immunolocalization of sperm-associated protein D on sperm deposited in the female reproductive tract after mating. Additionally, this is the first report that: (a) protein D binds specifically to a 120 KD membrane protein on the surface of epididymal sperm, (b) and that protein D is anchored or associated with a protein that is anchored to the sperm plasma membrane through a glycosylphosphatidyl inositol linkage en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.title The Biochemical Characterization of Protein DE and Its Interaction with Rat Epididymal Sperm. en_US PhD en_US PhD Dissertation en_US Biochemistry en_US

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