Tillage and Cover Crop Management Influence Weeds, Insects, Soil and Crop Nutrients, Crop Development and Yield in Organically Managed North Carolina Sweetpotato Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Systems.

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dc.contributor.advisor George G. Kennedy, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Greg D. Hoyt, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Jonathan R. Schultheis, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.author Treadwell, Danielle Dion en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-02T18:28:50Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-02T18:28:50Z
dc.date.issued 2005-09-22 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-06182005-181203 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/3302
dc.description.abstract In 2004, North Carolina supplied 46% of the nations' sweetpotato and generated 79 million dollars for the state but of the 16,000 ha in production that year; only 405 ha were managed according to federal organic standards. A three-year field experiment was initiated in 2001 to evaluate organic sweetpotato 'Beauregard' production systems that varied in cover crop management and tillage. Three organic systems including 1) compost and no cover crop with tillage (Org-NC), 2) compost and cover crop incorporated prior to transplanting (Org-CI), and 3) compost and cover crop with reduced tillage (Org-RT) were compared to a conventionally managed tilled and chemical control (Conv) production system using a randomized complete block design with six replications. All sweetpotato tissue macro and micronutrient concentrations were within sufficiency ranges defined by North Carolina Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services. Sweetpotato N (4.6%), P (0.5%), and K (4.3%) tissue concentrations were greater in Org-CI compared to remaining systems at 60 DAP in 2004. Monocot and dicot weed density and biomass were similar between Org-NC and Org-CI each year, and with few exceptions were similar to Conv. In Org-RT, high monocot weed density limited sweetpotato vine above ground biomass (154 g m⁻²) and total yield 11.2 Mg ha⁻¹) in 2002. In 2001, the percentage of No. 1 grade roots was at least 19% greater in Org-CI (65 %) and Org-NC (62 %) than Conv (50 %). In 2002, the percentage of No. 1 roots was similar among Org-CI (74 %), Org-NC (71 %) and Conv (67 %) and similar among systems in 2004. Root quality was assessed based on degree of insect damage by wireworm-Diabrotica-Systena (WDS) complex. In 2001, Org-RT had the highest percentage of marketable roots (68 %) compared to remaining systems (19-43 %). The number of marketable roots was similar among systems in 2001 and 2004, but reduced in Org-RT (1.3 Mg ha⁻¹) compared to remaining systems. Means of wireworm (Melanotus and Conoderus spp.) densities per trap were significantly correlated with degree of root damage. Overall, organic systems performed as well as the conventionally managed system in at least one or more areas. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) en_US
dc.subject rye (Secale cereale L.) en_US
dc.subject wireworms en_US
dc.subject insect damage sampling en_US
dc.title Tillage and Cover Crop Management Influence Weeds, Insects, Soil and Crop Nutrients, Crop Development and Yield in Organically Managed North Carolina Sweetpotato Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Systems. en_US
dc.degree.name PhD en_US
dc.degree.level dissertation en_US
dc.degree.discipline Horticultural Science en_US

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