A Variable Turbulent Prandtl and Schmidt Number Model Study for Scramjet Applications.

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Title: A Variable Turbulent Prandtl and Schmidt Number Model Study for Scramjet Applications.
Author: Keistler, Patrick G.
Advisors: Fred R. DeJarnette, Committee Member
Jack R. Edwards, Committee Member
Hassan A. Hassan, Committee Chair
Pierre A. Gremaud, Committee Member
Abstract: A turbulence model that allows for the calculation of the variable turbulent Prandtl (Prt) and Schmidt (Sct) numbers as part of the solution is presented. The model also accounts for the interactions between turbulence and chemistry by modeling the corresponding terms. Four equations are added to the baseline k-ζ turbulence model: two equations for enthalpy variance and its dissipation rate to calculate the turbulent diffusivity, and two equations for the concentrations variance and its dissipation rate to calculate the turbulent diffusion coefficient. The underlying turbulence model already accounts for compressibility effects. The variable Prt/Sct turbulence model is validated and tuned by simulating a wide variety of experiments. Included in the experiments are two-dimensional, axisymmetric, and three-dimensional mixing and combustion cases. The combustion cases involved either hydrogen and air, or hydrogen, ethylene, and air. Two chemical kinetic models are employed for each of these situations. For the hydrogen and air cases, a seven species/seven reaction model where the reaction rates are temperature dependent and a nine species/nineteen reaction model where the reaction rates are dependent on both pressure and temperature are used. For the cases involving ethylene, a 15 species/44 reaction reduced model that is both pressure and temperature dependent is used, along with a 22 species/18 global reaction reduced model that makes use of the quasi-steady-state approximation. In general, fair to good agreement is indicated for all simulated experiments. The turbulence/chemistry interaction terms are found to have a significant impact on flame location for the two-dimensional combustion case, with excellent experimental agreement when the terms are included. In most cases, the hydrogen chemical mechanisms behave nearly identically, but for one case, the pressure dependent model would not auto-ignite at the same conditions as the experiment and the other chemical model. The model was artificially ignited in that case. For the cases involving ethylene combustion, the chemical model has a profound impact on the flame size, shape, and ignition location. However, without quantitative experimental data, it is difficult to determine which one is more suitable for this particular application.
Date: 2009-03-23
Degree: PhD
Discipline: Aerospace Engineering
URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/3373


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