Spin Coating and Photolithography Using Liquid and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

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Title: Spin Coating and Photolithography Using Liquid and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide
Author: Hoggan, Erik Nebeker
Advisors: Joseph DeSimone, Committee Co-Chair
Peter Kilpatrick, Committee Member
Gregory Parsons, Committee Member
Ruben Carbonell, Committee Co-Chair
Christine Grant, Committee Member
Abstract: This thesis details work on the utilization of dense phase carbon dioxide (CO2) in semiconductor processing. In particular, work is presented on the formulation of CO2 soluble photoresists and the spin coating of those photoresists using only liquid CO2 as a solvent. As part of this spin coating work, a novel high-pressure CO2 spin coater was designed and constructed, and the theoretical equations governing its performance were derived. Also discussed in this thesis are 248 and 193 nm exposures of these CO2 spun films and subsequent development in supercritical CO2. Resist stripping was also performed in CO2. In short, this thesis details the first steps towards a complete replacement of all aqueous and organic solvents in the conventional photolithographic processes of spin coating, developing, and resist stripping. This change not only confers significant environmental advantages, but opens up many new avenues in resist chemistry and promises improvements in large scale film uniformity, elimination of feature collapse, elimination of extraneous processing steps, and improved control of the lithographic process.
Date: 2002-10-04
Degree: PhD
Discipline: Chemical Engineering
URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/3375

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