Characterization of the Hydrologic Regime of Four Carolina Bay Plant Communities.

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dc.contributor.advisor R. W. Skaggs, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor M. J. Vepraskas, Committee Co-Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor J. D. Gregory, Committee Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor R. L. Huffman, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.author Caldwell, Peter V. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-02T18:30:17Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-02T18:30:17Z
dc.date.issued 2005-11-17 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-10272005-141352 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/3461
dc.description.abstract Successful restoration of a wetland requires that wetland vegetation be established at the site. Unfortunately, the hydrologic regime of restored wetlands is frequently incompatible with these communities and the vegetation can not survive. This is sometimes a result of improper hydrologic design, but in many cases it is due to a lack of understanding of the hydrology required by these plant communities. The objective of this study was to provide quantitative data describing the long-term (40 yr) hydrology associated with the Pond Pine Woodland (PPW), Nonriverine Swamp Forest (NRSF), High Pocosin (HP), and Bay Forest (BF) plant communities found in three undisturbed Carolina Bays on the North Carolina Coastal Plain. This objective was achieved by simulating water table depths in the various plant communities in the bays over a 40 yr period with calibrated DRAINMOD hydrologic models. The hydrology of the PPW community differed significantly from that of the NRSF, HP, and BF communities in that water tables were deeper in the soil profile, water was ponded on the surface less often and for shorter durations, and the water table dropped to mineral soil horizons more frequently for extended periods of time. Further, the PPW received an average of 15% of its water input from groundwater inflow, whereas the other communities did not exhibit groundwater inflow. The source of the groundwater inflow is not known but it is believed to be a local phenomenon. The water could enter the bays either laterally from adjacent uplands or vertically from confined aquifers below. A confined artesian aquifer below one of the bays was likely the source of inflow for that bay. The hydrology of the NRSF, HP, and BF communities were very similar. The water table in the NRSF and HP occasionally dropped to mineral soil horizons, which may provide them with additional fertility relative to BF. The results of this study will enable wetland restoration engineers to better approximate the natural hydrology of these plant communities at a restoration site, thereby improving vegetation establishment success. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject Carolina Bay en_US
dc.subject wetland restoration en_US
dc.subject plant community en_US
dc.subject hydrologic modeling en_US
dc.title Characterization of the Hydrologic Regime of Four Carolina Bay Plant Communities. en_US
dc.degree.name PhD en_US
dc.degree.level dissertation en_US
dc.degree.discipline Forestry en_US


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