Molecular Characterization of the Ichthyobodo necator Complex: An Important Fish Ectoparasite

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dc.contributor.advisor Edward J. Noga, Committee Co-Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Michael Levy, Committee Co-Chair en_US Callahan, Heather Ann en_US 2010-04-02T18:30:24Z 2010-04-02T18:30:24Z 2004-04-21 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-03292003-152735 en_US
dc.description.abstract Ichthyobodo necator is a member of the Order Kinetoplastida and an important fish ectoparasite with a broad host and ecological range. When Ichthyobodo were exposed to the anesthetic tricaine, buffered with sodium bicarbonate, parasites remained attached to the skin of fish. When parasites were exposed to unbuffered tricaine, they detached almost completely from the skin. This finding indicated that tricaine should always be buffered when fish are to be clinically evaluated to prevent a reduction or complete loss in parasite load. Unbuffered tricaine was used to collect large numbers of parasites from the skin and gills of hybrid striped bass (Morone saxatilis male x M. chrysops female) for DNA isolation and analysis. A method for obtaining samples for DNA isolation without use of tricaine was also determined. Four preservation methods (Utermohl's solution, ethanol, formalin, freezing) and two DNA isolation methods (DNA isolation kit, crude lysate) were examined. It was concluded that ethanol-fixation was the best preservation method for DNA isolation and PCR amplification of Ichthyobodo DNA. Using these methods, genomic DNA was isolated from Ichthyobodo trophonts collected from five freshwater and one marine fish. The 18S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene from each isolate was PCR amplified, cloned and sequenced. The 18S rRNA gene suggested that rather than being a single species, Ichthyobodo represented a complex of at least four different species, each of which occupied a distinct geographical region. The 18S rRNA gene was also amplified and cloned for related kinetoplastid speceis. Phylogenetic relationships within the Order Kinetoplastida (suborders Bodonina and Trypanosomatina) were determined. The suborder Bodonina appeared to contain at least 3 major lineages, none of which correlated with currently recognized families. Ichthyobodo had the most divergent sequence within the Bodonina, indicating it was the most genetically distinct bodonid currently known. The study of Ichthyobodo has contributed to a new understanding of phylogenetics and systematics for the Order Kinetoplastida, as well as insight into the potential for the spread of this parasite locally, nationally and internationally. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject Trypanosomatina en_US
dc.subject SSU rRNA (small-subunit ribosomal RNA) en_US
dc.subject Trypanosoma en_US
dc.subject protozoa en_US
dc.subject phylogeny en_US
dc.subject MS-222 en_US
dc.subject morphology en_US
dc.subject maximum-likelihood en_US
dc.subject LSU rRNA (large-subunit ribosomal RNA) en_US
dc.subject ITS (internal transcribed spacers) en_US
dc.subject fish ectoparasite en_US
dc.subject disease diagnosis en_US
dc.subject cryptobia en_US
dc.subject costia en_US
dc.subject Bodo en_US
dc.subject aquaculture en_US
dc.subject anaesthetic en_US
dc.title Molecular Characterization of the Ichthyobodo necator Complex: An Important Fish Ectoparasite en_US PhD en_US dissertation en_US Comparative Biomedical Sciences en_US

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