Hardware Efficient Pattern Matching Algorithms and Architectures for Fast Intrusion Detection.

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Title: Hardware Efficient Pattern Matching Algorithms and Architectures for Fast Intrusion Detection.
Author: Aldwairi, Monther
Advisors: Dr Paul Franzon, Committee Chair
Abstract: Intrusion detection processors are becoming a predominant feature in the field of network hardware. As demand on more network speed increases and new network protocols emerge, network intrusion detection systems are increasing in importance and are being integrated in network processors. Currently, most intrusion detection systems are software running on a general purpose processor. Unfortunately, it is becoming increasingly difficult for software based intrusion detection systems to keep up with increasing network speeds (OC192 and 10Gbps at backbone networks). Signature-based intrusion detection systems monitor network traffic for security threats by scanning packet payloads for attack signatures. Intrusion detection systems have to run at wire speed and need to be configurable to protect against emerging attacks. This dissertation describes the concept, structure and algorithms for a special purpose hardware accelerator designed to meet those demands. We consider the problem of string matching which is the most computationally intensive task in intrusion detection. A configurable string matching accelerator is developed with the focus on increasing throughput while maintaining the configurability provided by the software intrusion detection systems. A hardware algorithm for efficient data storage and fast retrieval is used to compress, store and retrieve attack signatures. Our algorithms reduce the size of the rules to fit on chip and enables intrusion detection to run at line rates and faster.
Date: 2006-12-08
Degree: PhD
Discipline: Computer Engineering
URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/3558

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