Development and Experimental Evaluation of a Novel Annuloplasty Ring with a Shape Memory Alloy Core

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Title: Development and Experimental Evaluation of a Novel Annuloplasty Ring with a Shape Memory Alloy Core
Author: Purser, Molly Ferris
Advisors: Dr. Denis Cormier, Committee Co-Chair
Dr. Gregory Buckner, Committee Co-Chair
Dr. Ola Harrysson, Committee Member
Russell King, Committee Member
Abstract: A novel annuloplasty ring with a shape memory alloy core has been developed to facilitate minimally invasive mitral valve repair. In its activated (Austenitic) phase, this prototype ring provides comparable mechanical properties as commercial semi-rigid rings. In its pre-activated (Martensitic) phase, this ring is flexible enough to be introduced through an 8 mm trocar and easily manipulated with robotic instruments within the confines of a left atrial model. The core is constructed of 0.508 mm diameter NiTi, which is maintained below its Ms temperature (24 °C) during deployment and suturing. After suturing, the stiffener is heated above its Af temperature (37 °C, slightly below normal human body temperature) enabling the NiTi to retain its optimal geometry and stiffness characteristics indefinitely. The NiTi core is shape set in a furnace to the appropriate size and optimal geometry during fabrication. The ring is cooled in a saline bath prior to surgery, making it compliant and easy to manipulate. Evaluation of the ring included mechanical testing, robotic evaluation, static pressure testing, dynamic flow testing and fatigue testing. Experimental results suggest that the NiTi core ring could be a viable alternative to flexible bands in robot-assisted mitral valve repair.
Date: 2009-04-27
Degree: PhD
Discipline: Industrial Engineering
URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/3565


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