Characteristics, Transaction Costs, and Adoption of Modern Varieties in Honduras (Draft)

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dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Daniel Hallstrom, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Daniel Phaneuf, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Mitch Renkow, Committee Co-Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Gerald Carlson, Committee Co-Chair en_US
dc.contributor.author Hintze, Luis Hernando en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-02T18:35:54Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-02T18:35:54Z
dc.date.issued 2003-01-20 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-01022003-104251 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/3761
dc.description.abstract This dissertation researches the factors contributing to the low levels of adoption of improved maize varieties and the choice of maize varieties among small farmers in Honduras. An agricultural household model is developed. It explicitly incorporates two explanations from the adoption literature that have not yet been tested simultaneously: (i) consumption and production characteristics of different varieties as perceived by farmers, and (ii) transaction costs and access to markets. The empirical analysis also considered additional variables that have been used by previous adoption studies related to household characteristics, human and financial capital, and environmental characteristics. To test the model, information was collected in a survey of 167 farmers located across 34 villages in two distinctly different agro-ecological zones in Honduras. From non-parametric analysis of the information regarding farmers' perception of maize characteristics, four conclusions were drawn: (i) Farmers perceive differences among varieties for some of the characteristics they consider to be important; (ii) varieties that are widely used tend to be regarded as having good performance with respect to the most important characteristics; (iii) sometimes, varieties that are widely used are outperformed by other varieties for some of the characteristics evaluated. In those cases, however, the ratings obtained by the more popular varieties indicate that they have an acceptable performance; (iv) there are important differences in how farmers in the two regions studied perceive the different varieties available to them. The empirical analyses of the determinants of household variety choice and adoption used qualitative choice models and tested the degree to which varietal characteristics contributed to adoption decisions, controlling for an array of household socioeconomic characteristics and proxy measures of village-specific marketing costs and household-specific transaction costs. Results indicate that in both regions yield was the only characteristic that consistently had a significant impact on varietal choice. On the other hand, consumption characteristics appear to play little if any role in varietal choice in either area. Transaction costs variables, particularly the quality of roads connecting villages to markets are also significant in explaining variety choice. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject transaction costs en_US
dc.subject maize adoption en_US
dc.subject household models en_US
dc.subject variety characteristics en_US
dc.title Characteristics, Transaction Costs, and Adoption of Modern Varieties in Honduras (Draft) en_US
dc.degree.name PhD en_US
dc.degree.level dissertation en_US
dc.degree.discipline Agricultural and Resource Economics en_US


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