Transcriptional Profiling of Geminivirus Infection in Arabidopsis thaliana Col-0

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dc.contributor.advisor Carla Mattos, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dennis Brown, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Linda Hanley-Bowdoin, Committee Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dominique Robertson, Committee Member en_US Ascencio-Ibanez, Jose Trinidad en_US 2010-04-02T18:38:33Z 2010-04-02T18:38:33Z 2007-04-03 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-12132006-114927 en_US
dc.description.abstract Geminiviruses are small DNA viruses that replicate in the nucleus and use plant replication machinery to amplify their single-stranded genomes. Geminiviruses replicate through a combination of rolling-circle and recombination-dependent replication. Earlier studies showed that the geminivirus, Cabbage leaf curl virus (CaLCuV), induces transcription of a host gene encoding a replication factor. To scrutinize the global impact of geminivirus infection on host gene expression, Arabidopsis transcriptome in response to CaLCuV infection at 12 days post inoculation was examined. These experiments uncovered 5241 Arabidopsis genes with changes in transcript levels (q < 0.004, p < 0.002) in response to infection. Data mining of the differentially expressed genes revealed that CaLCuV triggers a pathogen response via the salicylic acid pathway and inhibits the jasmonate pathway. CaLCuV also induced genes associated with programmed cell death and genotoxic stress, including components of the host DNA repair apparatus. CaLCuV also impacted expression of cell cycle-associated genes, preferentially activating genes with peak expression in S and G2 and inhibiting genes that peak in G1 and M. A limited set of core cell cycle genes expressed during cell cycle re-entry, late G1, S and early G2 had increased RNA levels, while core cell cycle genes expressed in early G1 and late G2 had reduced transcript levels. FACS analysis of nuclei from infected leaves showed an increase in 8C, 16C and 32C DNA content relative to nuclei from control leaves. Together, these results underscore the complexity of geminivirus/host interactions and establish that geminiviruses alter cell cycle controls to induce plant cells to move into an endocycle and support viral replication. We also standardized a previously reported method for inoculating geminiviruses using plasmid DNA rubbed onto leaves in the presence of an abrasive (DNA abrasion). We can obtain 100% inoculation efficiency with this method in solanaceous plants. Silencing of an endogenous gene was successful when a silencing vector was inoculated by DNA abrasion. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dis sertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject microarray en_US
dc.subject arabidopsis en_US
dc.subject geminivirus en_US
dc.title Transcriptional Profiling of Geminivirus Infection in Arabidopsis thaliana Col-0 en_US PhD en_US dissertation en_US Biochemistry en_US

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