Species Authenticity and Detection of Economic Adulteration of Atlantic Blue Crab Meat Using VIS/NIR Spectroscopy

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Title: Species Authenticity and Detection of Economic Adulteration of Atlantic Blue Crab Meat Using VIS/NIR Spectroscopy
Author: Gayo, Javier
Advisors: Dr. S. M. Blanchard, Committee Co-Chair
Dr. S. A. Hale, Committee Co-Chair
Abstract: The application of Visible and Near-Infrared (VIS/NIR) spectroscopy to determine economic adulteration of crabmeat was determined. Crabmeat samples were adulterated in 10% increments according to weight. The adulterants chosen were surimi-based imitation crabmeat, due to its low cost and availability, and blue swimmer crabmeat, the most prevalent type of crabmeat imported into the United States. Several data pre-treatments and different chemometric analyses, Partial Least Squares (PLS), Principal Component Regression (PCR), and Multiple Linear Regression (MLR), were investigated to determine the predictive ability of VIS/NIR spectroscopy in detecting economic adulteration and species authenticity. In addition, wavelength variables selected by a genetic algorithm were evaluated to improve predictive ability of economic adulteration of crabmeat. Absorption spectra of adulterated samples were dominated by water overtones. Absorption decreased for increasing level of adulteration. PLS was favored over PCR due to its predictive ability and lower number of latent variables used in model development. The first derivative data pre-treatment generated the best results, though similar results were gathered with the untreated data. First derivative data, using data from a correlogram, generated the best PLS model to detect economic adulteration of crabmeat adulterated with surimi-based imitation crabmeat. Economic adulteration percentage was predicted within 2.5%. The second derivative data generated the highest errors and, thus, was not deemed an appropriate pre-treatment method. For samples adulterated with blue swimmer, the first derivative data also generated the best results utilizing the full spectrum with a Standard Error of Calibration (SEC) and Standard Error of Prediction (SEP) of 5.64. Using a partitioned spectrum, however, the second derivative data performed better (SEC and SEP of 4.91 and 5.17, respectively). Regardless of the data pre-treatment, VIS/NIR spectroscopy was able to detect species authenticity and economic adulteration to less than 6% for samples adulterated with blue swimmer crabmeat. Variable selection via genetic algorithm enabled MLR to detect economic adulteration, making this the best overall method due to its low SEC and SEP (4.21 and 3.98, respectively). All of these findings provide a baseline for the design and development of a fast, reliable, and accurate technology for on-line detection of economic adulteration of crabmeat.
Date: 2006-08-06
Degree: PhD
Discipline: Biological and Agricultural Engineering
URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/3974

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