Behavior of High-Strength Concrete Columns

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Title: Behavior of High-Strength Concrete Columns
Author: Kim, Sungjoong
Advisors: Sami Rizkalla, Committee Chair
Abstract: The use of high-strength concrete for bridges and high-rise buildings become popular due to development in concrete technology and availability of various types of mineral and chemical admixtures. High-strength concrete could lead to smaller member sizes for compression members and therefore provide considerable savings associated with material costs and reduction of dead loads. However, Most of the current design codes, such as AASHTO-LRFD Bridge Specifications, are still based on tests conducted using normal-strength concrete. Many studies indicate that the behavior of columns with high-strength concrete is different from that of normal-strength concrete. The experimental phase of this investigation consists of thirty two rectangular and twenty four circular columns subjected to concentric and eccentric loading conditions to investigate the behavior of high-strength concrete columns. The main variables considered in this study were concrete strength ranging from 7.9 to 16.5 ksi, shape of cross section, and longitudinal and transverse reinforcement ratios. Using the test results of this study and other researches in literature, the dissertation provides design equation to predict the capacity of high-strength concrete columns with tie and spiral reinforcements subjected to concentric and eccentric loading conditions up to 18 ksi. The research also proposes a new stress-strain relationship of high-strength concrete confined with spiral reinforcements.
Date: 2007-07-29
Degree: PhD
Discipline: Civil Engineering
URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/4100


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