The Effect of Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Treatments on Interfacial Bonding Strength of Ultrahigh Modulus Polyethylene Fibers to Epoxy Resin

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Title: The Effect of Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Treatments on Interfacial Bonding Strength of Ultrahigh Modulus Polyethylene Fibers to Epoxy Resin
Author: Jensen, Christina Louise
Advisors: Dr. Marian McCord, Committee Member
Dr. Mohamed Bourham, Committee Member
Dr. Yiping Qiu, Committee Chair
Abstract: The surface modification of UHMPE fibers by atmospheric pressure plasma treatments was examined. In one study the aging effects of atmospheric plasma treatments were studied. UHMPE fibers were treated for 0.5 and 1 min with He/O2/air gas and for 2 and 4 min with He/air gas by atmospheric pressure plasma on a capacitively coupled device. The samples were tested for fiber/epoxy interfacial shear strength using the microbond technique at time intervals of 0, 3, 15 and 30 days after initial plasma treatment. Interfacial shear strengths (IFSS) for plasma treated fibers were 2 - 3 times as high as that of the control. The IFSS for the plasma treated fibers remained constant up to 15 days and then decreased afterwards. XPS Analysis and SEM photographs characterized the fiber surface modification. In a second study, delamination phenomena was studied by the transverse compression of seven-fiber bundle UHMPE microcomposites, a peeling test of laminated plain weave UHMPE fabric and tensile shear strength testing of a ten-layer plain weave UHMPE / Epoxy flat panel composite. Results showed a 49% increase in yield modulus of the plasma treated sample compared to the control in the transverse compression test. There was an 82.5% increase in bonding strength for the plasma treated sample during the peel test and a 25.7% increase in interlaminar shear strength of the ten-ply UHMPE composite proving that atmospheric plasma treatments are very effective in surface modification on a microscopic fiber level and a full-scale composite production level.
Date: 2002-11-14
Degree: MS
Discipline: Textile Engineering
URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/446


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