Impact of Management and Texture on Soil Organic Matter Fractions

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dc.contributor.advisor Michael Wagger, Committee Co-Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Shuijin Hu, Committee Co-Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dean Hesterberg, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Wei Shi, Committee Member en_US Gruver, Joel Brooks en_US 2010-04-02T18:57:12Z 2010-04-02T18:57:12Z 2007-12-20 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-12172007-065019 en_US
dc.description.abstract Growing concerns about elevated levels of atmospheric CO2 and associated climate change have increased interest in soil C. While general increases in the adoption of conservation management practices may result in C sequestration, efficient utilization of soil as a C sink will require identification of soils with high potential for sequestration and improved methods of monitoring soil C. The objectives of this research were to: 1) evaluate the historical roots, experimental validation and subsequent impact of the C saturation relationships proposed by Jan Hassink, 2) evaluate the effects of management and texture on aggregation and C fractions using soil from two long term experiments, 3) develop new methods of structural disruption and physical fractionation that address shortcomings in existing methods, 4) evaluate the impact of antecedent C on C and aggregate dynamics and 5) evaluate the simplified MnoxC method proposed by Weil et al. (2003). Collectively, the literature we reviewed did not support broad application of simple C saturation relationships such as those proposed by Hassink but did support selective use of fine mineral content as an indicator of C storage capacity. Results from two incubation experiments demonstrated the modulating effect of antecedent C on soil C and aggregate dynamics following structural disruption and residue addition. Positive effects of residue and structural disruption on aggregation were greatest in soil with low antecedent C. Residue decomposed more rapidly in soil with high antecedent C but had a greater priming effect in soil with low antecedent C. Addition of a 15N labeled nitrate source revealed that immobilization of nitrate-N within microaggregates is a minor process irrespective of structural disruption and antecedent C. Carbon contained in microaggregates within stable macroaggregates from an organic transition experiment was sensitive to C input regime but unrelated to fine mineral content. Strong tillage system effects on C fractions, aggregation and texture (tillage intensity↑ = ↓C, aggregate stability and sand content) were identified in soil from a long term tillage system study. Permanganate oxidizable C (Weil method) was found to be a sensitive indicator of management effects on soil C particularly after correction for non-linearity. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dis sertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject antecedent C en_US
dc.subject C saturation en_US
dc.subject soil organic matter en_US
dc.subject texture en_US
dc.subject tillage en_US
dc.subject aggregate en_US
dc.subject permanganate oxidizable C en_US
dc.title Impact of Management and Texture on Soil Organic Matter Fractions en_US PhD en_US dissertation en_US Soil Science en_US

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