Resin Flow Induction in Southern Pines: Implications for Defense Against Southern Pine Beetle

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Title: Resin Flow Induction in Southern Pines: Implications for Defense Against Southern Pine Beetle
Author: Knebel, Larissa
Advisors: Dr. Fred Hain, Committee Member
Dr. Gary Blank, Committee Member
Dr. Dan Robison, Committee Member
Dr. Tom Wentworth, Committee Chair
Abstract: The interactions between conifers, bark beetles and their common fungal associates have been widely studied, in part due to the severe economic and natural losses that occur annually. Host resistance, involving constitutive and induced defensive measures, and the factors associated with pest success are now widely understood and some losses can be avoided with proper management. Recent research with Norway spruce (Picea abies) has provided additional insight into the chemical pathways involved in host resistance, and has determined that trees exposed to mechanical wounding or fungal inoculation show acquired resistance to future pathogen attacks. This aspect of defense in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) has not been adequately investigated. However, our recent studies indicate that fungal inoculation results in elevated resin flow levels that last up to one year after treatment. Further research in southern Appalachian pines showed that elevated resin flow occurs in response to low intensity fire, and that this response is still present at 18 months after burning. These studies indicate that acquired resistance through induced resin flow in southern pines is a possibility. Further research with beetle or fungal challenges could determine new possibilities for management of both natural and planted stands in order to maximize host defenses against southern pine beetle.
Date: 2005-10-04
Degree: PhD
Discipline: Botany

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