Wireless MAC Protocol Design and Analysis

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Title: Wireless MAC Protocol Design and Analysis
Author: Jang , Beakcheol
Advisors: Dr. Mihail L. Sichitiu, Committee Chair
Dr. David Thuente, Committee Member
Dr. Khaled Harfoush, Committee Member
Dr. Rudra Dutta., Committee Member
Abstract: Wireless networks are becoming very common due to their advantages such as rapid deployment and support for mobility. In this dissertation, we design and analyze the Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol for two popular wireless networks: Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) and Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs). For WSNs, we design and analyze an energy efficient MAC protocols. Energy efficiency is a key design factor of a MAC protocol for WSNs. Existing preamble-sampling based MAC protocols have large overheads due to their preambles and are inefficient at large wakeup intervals. Synchronous scheduling MAC protocols minimize the preamble by combining preamble sampling and scheduling techniques; however, they do not prevent energy loss due to overhearing. In this dissertation, we present an energy efficient MAC protocol for WSNs, called AS-MAC, that avoids overhearing and reduces contention and delay by asynchronously scheduling the wakeup time of neighboring nodes. We also provide a multi-hop energy consumption model for AS-MAC. To validate our design and analysis, we implement the proposed scheme on the MICAz and TELOSB platforms. Experimental results show that AS-MAC considerably reduces energy consumption, packet loss and delay when compared with other energy efficient MAC protocols. For WLANs, we present a saturation throughput model for IEEE 802.11, the standard of WLAN, for a simple infrastructure scenario with hidden stations. Despite the importance of the hidden terminal problem, there have been a relatively small number of studies that consider the effect of hidden terminals on IEEE 802.11 throughput. Moreover, existing models are not accurate for scenarios with the short-term unfairness. In this dissertation, we present a new analytical saturation throughput model for IEEE 802.11 for a simple but typical infrastructure scenario with small number of hidden stations. Simulation results are used to validate the model and show that our model is extremely accurate. Lastly, we provide a saturation throughput model for IEEE 802.11 for the general infrastructure scenario with hidden stations. Simulation results show that this generalized model is reasonably accurate.
Date: 2009-06-01
Degree: PhD
Discipline: Computer Science
URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/4934

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