The Effects of Spatial Layouts on Students' Interactions in Middle Schools: Multiple Case Analysis

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dc.contributor.advisor Candy Beal, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Frank J. Smith, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Henry Sanoff, Committee Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Robin Moore, Committee Member en_US Pasalar, Celen en_US 2010-04-02T19:07:17Z 2010-04-02T19:07:17Z 2004-04-08 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-01092004-070920 en_US
dc.description.abstract This research aims to indicate how small school environments are spatially organized and how spatial relationships influence students' behavior and interactions. Four school buildings with differing spatial layouts were selected. Selected cases were representative of both 'academic house' and 'finger plan' type school buildings. This study analyzes schools as a spatial organization; as a social organization; and as a set of interactive interfaces for social and educational activities. The 'space syntax' technique was used to develop the spatial data, which provided information on the spatial layout attributes. The integrated and segregated areas of each school building were characterized by the syntactic variables. Behavioral mapping technique was used to identify students' activity and movement patterns with respect to the syntactic attributes of spatial layouts. Both findings from the analysis of students' behavior and the spatial layouts were related to students' perceptions about the social organization of their school communities and the role of the spatial characteristics. Overall analysis provides evidence suggesting that spatial layout and distribution of educational facilities in school buildings modulate patterns of use, movement, and the potentials for interactions. School building layouts, with higher accessibility, shorter and direct walking distances, and highly visible public spaces, generated higher rates of incidental interactions among students. The space occupancy rate in highly accessible areas was also correlated with students? movement and interaction rates. Students' ability to get to know others in the same grade through interactions was higher in academic house type school buildings. However, the rate to know students from different grade levels was higher in finger plan type schools, which offered better visual and physical access among the public areas. Overall findings indicated that single-story school buildings were the more advantageous for fostering social interactions among students. This study provides the impetus to further reconsider and develop innovative educational facilities and their spatial planning. The study concludes that spatial layout of school buildings is an important constituent of both formal and incidental interactions among students. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject multiple case analysis en_US
dc.subject space syntax en_US
dc.subject spatial layout en_US
dc.subject school design en_US
dc.subject middle schools en_US
dc.subject social interaction en_US
dc.title The Effects of Spatial Layouts on Students' Interactions in Middle Schools: Multiple Case Analysis en_US PhD en_US dissertation en_US Design en_US

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