Synthesis of a Fiber-Reactive Chitosan Derivative and Its Application to Cotton Fabric as an Antimicrobial Finish and a Dyeing-Improving Agent

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Title: Synthesis of a Fiber-Reactive Chitosan Derivative and Its Application to Cotton Fabric as an Antimicrobial Finish and a Dyeing-Improving Agent
Author: Lim, Sang-Hoon
Advisors: Suzanne T. Purrington, Committee Member
David Hinks, Committee Member
Richard Kotek, Committee Member
Samuel M. Hudson, Committee Chair
Abstract: The purpose of this research has been to develop a textile finish based on chitosan that is a biopolymer. A fiber-reactive chitosan derivative was synthesized from chitosan with a low molecular weight and a high degree of deacetylation. The synthesis was composed of two steps. As a first step, a water-soluble chitosan derivative was prepared by introducing quaternary ammonium salt groups on the amino groups of chitosan. The derivative was further modified by introducing functional groups (acrylamidomethyl) on the primary alcohol groups of the chitosan backbone, which can form covalent bonds with cotton. The fiber-reactive chitosan derivative (NMA-HTCC) itself showed complete bacterial reduction against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli at the concentration of 10 ppm. The NMA-HTCC was applied to cotton fabrics by a pad-batch method in the presence of an alkaline catalyst. The 1% NMA-HTCC treated cotton showed 100% bacterial reduction against S. aureus. The fabric maintained over 99% of bacterial reduction even after 50 home launderings. The NMA-HTCC cotton was dyed with direct and reactive dyes without addition of salt. The color yield was higher than that of untreated cotton, which required a large amount salt for dyeing. The NMA-HTCC cotton showed better washfastness than untreated cotton, but the lightfastness was inferior to that of untreated cotton. The antimicrobial activity of the NMA-HTCC cotton was considerablely decreased after dyeing due to the blocking of the cationic groups of the NMA-HTCC by dye molecules.
Date: 2003-03-31
Degree: PhD
Discipline: Fiber and Polymer Science
URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/5476


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