Chinese Agricultural Household Farming Efficiency and Off-Farm Labor Supply

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dc.contributor.advisor Barry K. Goodwin, Committee Chair en_US Zeng, Tao en_US 2010-04-02T19:18:28Z 2010-04-02T19:18:28Z 2005-10-25 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-07262005-161114 en_US
dc.description.abstract This dissertation deals with the off-farm labor supply of Chinese agricultural households. The data used in this study are from the World Bank's 1995 North and Northeast China Living Standards Survey. The objectives are two fold. The first objective explores the relationship between the farm operators' off-farm labor supply and the household's farming efficiency, and identifies the factors affecting the farm operators' off-farm labor supply. Alternative approaches are used to measure farming efficiency. The theoretical model predicts an inverse relationship between farming efficiency and off-farm labor supply. However, the empirical results show that the crop production technical efficiency is positively related to off-farm labor supply and the agricultural production technical efficiency exhibits no significant effect on off-farm labor supply. There appears to be a surplus of labor in the agrarian sector in China. Restrictions on the movement of labor among regions and in the reallocation of farmland serve to maintain this surplus and thus bring about economic inefficiencies. The second objective investigates the switching nature of the operator's off-farm labor supply depending on the spouse's participation status in off-farm labor markets. An endogenous switching regression model shows that the spouse's participation status is endogenous to the operator's off-farm labor supply decision. The off-farm labor supply behavior of operators with spouses working off-farm exhibits some differences from that of the operators with spouses' not working off-farm. The results support that the agricultural household is a more relevant decision unit for resource allocation than is its individual members. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject off-farm labor supply en_US
dc.subject farming efficiency en_US
dc.subject chinese agricultural household en_US
dc.title Chinese Agricultural Household Farming Efficiency and Off-Farm Labor Supply en_US PhD en_US dissertation en_US Economics en_US

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