Supper on the Trail: How Food and Provisions Shaped Nineteenth-Century Westward Migration

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dc.contributor.advisor Craig T. Friend, Committee Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor R. Jesse Lankford, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Matthew M. Booker, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.author Gray, Andrea Rebecca en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-02T17:57:10Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-02T17:57:10Z
dc.date.issued 2008-05-12 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-05092008-134048 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/619
dc.description.abstract Between the late 1830s and the 1860s, over 350,000 men, women, and children traveled overland along the Oregon and California Trails to the American West. Using primary sources including narratives, diaries, journals, reports, and letters, one discovers that obtaining food was perhaps the most critical concern for westward migrants. That overlanders and their animals had to eat is nothing new or alarming, but their need for food did carry many unexpected implications. Food connected migrants to the land, and in turn the land connected people to each other through competition over resources such as water, grass, and timber. Through their primary role as cooks, women's experiences of the trail centered around the preparation of food. Native Americans and white migrants interacted peaceably by sharing or trading food, while competition over natural resources at the same time strained relations and devastated many western tribes whose land was ravaged by the train of migrants. Food influenced the timing and routes of travel, the health and mood of travelers, and the economic and physical status of settlers upon arrival in the West. The overlanders' need for nourishment serves as the framework for understanding how provisions helped determine the overall experience of westward travel and reveals that food shaped mid-nineteenth-century westward migration. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dis sertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject food en_US
dc.subject nineteenth-century travel en_US
dc.subject westward migration en_US
dc.subject California Trail en_US
dc.subject Oregon Trail en_US
dc.title Supper on the Trail: How Food and Provisions Shaped Nineteenth-Century Westward Migration en_US
dc.degree.name MA en_US
dc.degree.level thesis en_US
dc.degree.discipline History en_US


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