Sustainable Service Rate Analysis at Signalized Intersections with Short Left Turn Pockets Using Macroscopic Simulation

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Title: Sustainable Service Rate Analysis at Signalized Intersections with Short Left Turn Pockets Using Macroscopic Simulation
Author: Reynolds, William Leonard
Advisors: Dr. Billy M. Williams, Committee Co-Chair
Dr. Nagui M. Rouphail, Committee Chair
Dr. George F. List, Committee Member
Abstract: A macroscopic simulation tool is developed and tested in order to quantify the effects of short turn pockets on the sustainable service rate of a signalized intersection. Unlike the theoretical signal capacity, the sustainable service rate includes queue interaction effects and is thus influenced by blockage and spillback at the entrance to a short turn pocket. Previous research on the topic has focused either on the probability of spillback from a short turn pocket or the operation of a system with a single approach lane. No macroscopic model currently available has the ability to analyze throughput reductions due to short turn pocket effects on a multilane approach. The model described herein utilizes a series of flow and density restrictions on cells of varying sizes on the approach to the intersection. Results indicate sensitivity of the model to turn pocket spillback, blockage, saturation flow rate, pocket length, lane utilization, phase sequence, phase overlap, permitted phasing, and time-dependent demand. A phase optimization procedure is also described to help efficiently allocate green time for a given set of turn pocket lengths and turn movement percentages. Outputs from the model compare favorably to results generated using microsimulation software, and recommendations are made regarding additional model enhancements and testing needs.
Date: 2010-04-20
Degree: MS
Discipline: Civil Engineering
URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/6352


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