Determining Pesticide Dislodgeable Foliar Residues and Their Persistence Following Application to Tall Fescue lawn Turf

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Charles H. Peacock, Committee Member en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Damian Shea, Committee Co-Chair en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Richard J. Cooper, Committee Chair en_US John, Christopher Vaughn en_US 2010-04-02T17:58:13Z 2010-04-02T17:58:13Z 2007-09-17 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-06122007-175300 en_US
dc.description.abstract Dislodgeable foliar residues (DFR) can be a primary route for human exposure following pesticide application to turfgrass areas. Consequently, a significant portion of applied pesticide may be available for human exposure via dislodgeable residues. In this study, DFR were determined over a 15-day-period following application of the broadleaf weed herbicide carfentrazone (Ethyl alpha, 2-Dichloro-3-[2-chloro-4-fluoro-5-[4-(difluoromethyl)-4, 5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-1, 2, 4-triazol-1-yl]-4-fluorobenzenepropanoate ), the pre-emergent herbicide prodiamine (5-dipropylamino-α,α,α-trifluoro-4,6-dinitro-o-toluidine or 2,6-dinitro-N1,N1-dipropyl-4-trifluoromethyl-m-phenylenediamine ) and the insecticide bifenthrin (2-methylbiphenyl-3-ylmethyl (1RS,3RS)-3-[(Z)-2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoroprop-1-enyl]-2,2-di-methylcyclopropanecarboxylate) to a mature stand of 'Confederate' Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb). Dislodgeable foliar residues were determined by wiping treated turfgrass with a distilled-water-dampened cheesecloth and analyzing samples using gas chromatography⁄ mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Less than 20% of the total applied carfentrazone was dislodged with 14% of DFR occurring immediately after application and a total of 6% for the remainder of the 15-day study. Prodiamine DFR averaged 80% over the 11-day study with dislodgeable residue levels ranging from a maximum of 17% of the total applied chemical 8 hours after treatment to a low of 4% 11 days after treatment. Approximately 35% of the total applied bifenthrin was available to be dislodged over 15-day study with 34% DFR loss occurring immediately after application and a total of 1% for the remainder of the sampling periods. If pesticides are allowed to dry on the leaf surface, shortly after application carfentrazone, prodiamine and bifenthrin pose minimal risk to human health via dermal exposure when applied at the labeled rate. en_US
dc.rights I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dis sertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to NC State University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. en_US
dc.subject dislodgeable foliar residues en_US
dc.subject prodiamine en_US
dc.subject bifenthrin en_US
dc.subject tall fescue turf en_US
dc.subject pesticide dissipation en_US
dc.subject hazard quotients en_US
dc.subject carfentrazone en_US
dc.title Determining Pesticide Dislodgeable Foliar Residues and Their Persistence Following Application to Tall Fescue lawn Turf en_US MS en_US thesis en_US Agronomy en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
etd.pdf 332.3Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record