Novel Supramolecular Polyamides

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Title: Novel Supramolecular Polyamides
Author: Saunders, Joshua Daniel
Advisors: Richard Kotek, Committee Chair
Sam Hudson, Committee Member
Peter Hauser, Committee Member
Christian Melander, Committee Member
Abstract: The objective of this research is to use low DP poly(p-benzamide) (PBA) segments, terminated by units forming supramolecular bonds, able to extend the overall DP of the aromatic polyamide. PBA fibers, and the related industrially produced PPTA (Kevlar), exhibit their most interesting ultra-high strength properties only when a considerably large DP (>100) is attained. Use of cumbersome and expensive syntheses and solvents are required to attain DP in the range (~200-300) of industrial interest. Moreover, the fully covalent polymers thus far produced are highly insoluble in common organic solvents. On the other hand, easier processing becomes feasible if the DP of conventional PBA (prepared by the Yamazaki reaction) is increased by supramolecular bonding through ionic or hydrogen bond interactions. The effects of three different binding methods were first investigated on short rigid monomers with promising results the same binding was then used on rigid segments of PBA. The binding methods used two diamine binders triethylenediame (TED) and bipiperidine (Bipip) to form ionic bonds with the monomer, and polymer segments. The last method utilized a 2(6-iso cyanato hexylamino carbonyl amino)-6-methyl-4[1H]pyrimidinone (Upy) end group covalently bonded to the PBA polymer. This end group has the ability to form 4 hydrogen bonds with itself and thus could be used to increase the overall DP of the polymer starting material. This is believed to be the first recorded hydrogen bonded supramolecular interaction in amide type solvents. The novel and revolutionary idea of using low DP segments of PBA to increase the overall DP of polymer could be an industrially viable way to produce the highly sought after industrial polyamides.
Date: 2005-10-23
Degree: MS
Discipline: Textile Chemistry

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