Effects of Produced Water and Production Chemical Additives on Marine Environments: A Toxicological Review

Show full item record

Title: Effects of Produced Water and Production Chemical Additives on Marine Environments: A Toxicological Review
Author: Schmeichel, Jillian
Abstract: Schmeichel, Jill, Masters of Environmental Assessment. Effects of Produced Water and Production Chemical Additives on Marine Environments: A Toxicological Review Review of current research suggests that produced water discharges are unlikely to induce widespread acute toxicological effects in marine environments due to the highly dilute concentrations of chemical constituents entering receiving waters, and their fate and transport behaviors post-entry. Biological uptake of chemical constituents known to be toxic has been observed in field and laboratory studies, though generally not at levels inducing acute toxicological impact. Evidence of health effects in biomarker studies suggests that more research is required to understand the impacts of long-term, low-dose exposure to produced water, particularly for marine organisms in early life stages. While there is somewhat limited research in the peer-reviewed literature specific to production chemicals, their impacts appear to be negligible as constituent concentrations have been diluted to the extent that they do not elicit toxic responses, even in cases where they may be intrinsically toxic.
Date: 2017-05
URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.20/33762


Files in this item

Files Size Format View
Schmeichel, Jillian final.pdf 629.8Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record